You can build several types of Web Apps using Google Sheets Apps Script. In previous posts, we discussed creating several types of online data entry forms using Google Apps Scripts. This post will show you how to pull data from Google Sheets to HTML table and display it in a Web app created with Google Apps Script.
With this method, you can create beautiful tables, and you can allow visitors to search and sort data in your HTML table. This way, you can show your data to others without giving access to your Google Sheet.
I will use the following technologies to import Google Sheets data to the HTML table in our web app.
All the above technologies are free to use. We use Bootstrap to style the Web App. The jQuery and DataTables plugin is used to add search, sort, and filter functions to the HTML table.
Pull data from Google Sheets to HTML table
Using this tutorial, you will create a web app, as shown in the following video. The data in the table is imported from a Google Sheet.
You can see the live web app from the following link.
Steps to create a web app to pull and show Google Sheets data
First, you need to prepare your Google Sheet. Then you need to create a new Apps Script project and use the code given below to create your web app. You can either modify the code to match your Google Sheet or use the Google Sheet given below.
If you do not like reading, watch the demo video below.
Step 01: Prepare your Google Sheet
First, create a simple table in your Google Sheet. Do not keep merged cells within your data range to be shown in the Web App. You can make a copy of the Google Sheets used in this example from the following link.
Step 02: Create a new Apps Script project / Make a copy
We use Google Apps Script to pull data from Google Sheets to HTML table. There are two ways to use Google Apps Script. The first is Container-bound Scripts, and the second is Standalone Scripts. Here I am using the second, so it does not bound the script to the Google Sheet. So, you need to create the App Script Project separately, and you cannot open it using the “Tools” menu of the Google Sheet.
Below, I explain how to create a new Standalone Google Apps Script. Alternatively, you can copy the Google Apps Script project in this example with the complete code from the following link. Then you can skip this section and jump to Step 03.
To create a new Standalone Google Apps Script project,
- Go to Google Drive
- Click the “New” button on the top left corner and go to “More” and click “Google Apps Script“.
Then copy and paste the following code snippets.
Important !: If you are creating the project with a new Google Apps Script (instead of making a copy of the Apps Script project given above), you need to enable Google Sheets API Service for your project.
To enable Google Sheets Service,
- Click the + icon in the Services tab,
- Select Google Sheets API from the list in the Add a service popup box.
- Then, click Add.
This file includes the server-side functions.
To work the following code for your Google Sheet, you need to change the variables “spreadSheetId” and “dataRange” in lines 9 and 10 to match your Google Sheet. You can identify your Google Sheets ID as explained here.
In the above Code.gs file, the function doGet() tells the script how to serve the page and returns the HtmlOutput object. You must include this function in your script to create a web app with the HTML service.
getData() returns the data range as an array.
include(), use to include the
include() function in the Code.gs file.
getData() function in the Code.gs file during the page load. Then, the returned data array and passed it to the showData() function. Then it generates the data table and inserts it into the page.
include() function as shown below line 12.
The data table is printed inside the table tag in line 19.
Step 03: Deploy as a Web App
To create the HTML page, you need to deploy your project as a Web app.
To deploy the project as a web app,
- Click the blue color “Deploy” button
- Click “New deployment“
- In the New deployment pop up window,
- For Description, give a meaningful name so that you can later identify this version.
- Select your email for “Execute as” then the web app will not require users to run the code using their account data.
- Select “Anyone” for the “Who has access” section so that anyone on the internet can access this link.
- Then click “Deploy“
- Then it will require you to authorize access to your data, click “Authorize access“
- In the next pop-up dialog box, click your email to sign in.
- Next, click Advanced, and click the link with your project name at the bottom of the pop-up dialog box.
- Then click “Allow” button.
- In the remaining pop-up dialog box, you will see a link to your Web app.
- Click the link, and it will open the Web app in a new window. You can share this link with others.
Watch the video below that demostrates the above steps.
In this example, we used the JQuery DataTable plugin to add search, sort, pagination functions to the HTML table.
- Search data – You can use the search box to search data in any column of the data table.
- Sort Data – Click the table headers to sort data in ascending or descending order.
- Pagination – By default, this table shows 10 entries per page. Click the page numbers below the table to view the other entries.
- Change number of entries per page – Change the number of entries per page from the “Show entries” dropdown.
In this example, I showed you how to pull data from Google Sheets to an HTML table. I created the HTML table in a Web app created with Google Apps Script. Google Apps script is completely free, and you can build many types of Web apps. I used the Bootstrap CSS library to style the HTML table. And the JQuery DataTable plugin was used to add more functionalities such as search, sort, and pagination to the HTML table.
You can share this web app with others using its URL. The visitors can get updates to the Google Sheet by refreshing the web app. Using this method, you can easily share your Google Sheets data with others without giving access to the entire spreadsheet. You can also Embed Google Apps Script Web Apps in Websites.